There are many types of foot problems you can have. Let’s review how some foot ailments can come to be:

  • Some are acquired, which means they are the result of small changes within the foot, may be from wearing improper footwear/shoes or from some physical stress to the foot.
  • Some foot issues are congenital which means they have occurred since birth or are inherited.
  • You may experience issues due to arthritis, which is affecting one or more joints.
  • There are infectious foot problems that are caused by fungus, bacteria or virus.
  • Tumors can occur and are the result of abnormal growth of tissue and may be benign or malignant.
  • Traumatic foot problems are associated with an injury to the foot or ankle.
  • Foot pain from being overweight or obese.
  • Nerve damage and circulatory problems that can be caused by smoking.
  • Through birth and the early development of children.

Common solutions to foot and ankle pain often include changing your footwear, receiving custom orthotics. Looking for the right shoes based upon your foot shape and the shape of the shoe could help you.

What are some common foot problems?

  • Achilles Tendonitis: When the Achilles tendon starts to become overused, it will start to become swollen and cause, what many people describe as, “back of the heel pain”. It is most commonly seen in basketball players and people who jump frequently.
  • Ankle Sprains: These occur when the ankle twists in an unusual way which causes ligaments and tissues within the ankle to tear. This can cause severe pain, swelling and an imbalance in the ankle.
  • Arthritis: Your foot and ankle have over 30 joints combined. This makes your feet a common place to contract arthritis. Arthritis will cause redness and swelling within the joints of your foot and ankle. There are many factors that can contribute to its development.
  • Athlete’s Foot: This condition is well known for causing a severe itch. The foot will appear to look dry and can cause red swollen skin, blistering and peeling skin. Being a fungal infection, athletes foot can be stubborn and can reoccur frequently.
  • Bunions: A bunion can occur when the big toe joint become misaligned. It may become swollen and tender and can cause the joint of the first toe to jet out, and the second joint will slant toward the other toes. Bunions can be caused by wearing shoes that are too narrow or may be hereditary. Surgery can help to correct this problem.
  • Corns/Calluses: This is where hardened layers of skin develop on the foot in response to repeated friction or pressure. It is your skin’s way of protecting itself. You can eliminate the friction and pressure by wearing proper shoe gear. Corns and calluses if left untreated may cause ulcers, open sores on the feet. These can remedy themselves or you can see the doctor for removal of corns and calluses. Do not attempt to remove corns or calluses yourself!
  • Diabetes: Diabetes can affect your feet. There is a chance that you may develop nerve issues that may prevent you from being able to feel your feet. You may develop poor circulation, which can lead to ulcers. As a diabetic it is very important to have your feet and toes evaluated by a podiatrist.
  • Diabetic Neuropathy: This refers to nerve damage in the feet and is directly related to diabetes. Patients who suffer from neuropathy will have a burning/tingling sensation in the feet. It can also lead to a lack of feeling which often allow many foot problems to go unnoticed.
  • Dry Skin: For many people, dry feet can cause flaking, itchy and even cracked skin. For diabetics, this is serious condition and should be taken care of properly. If left untreated dry feet can cause bleeding and even infection.
  • Flat Feet: The easiest way to check if you have flat feet is to walk barefoot on wet sand. If you see the entire outline of your foot, it is very likely that your arches have collapsed and you have flat feet. This can be a painful condition and may lead to knee and hip pain.
  • Fractured Bones: Bone breaks and fractures can appear with many different symptoms. Stress fractures are often mistaken with multiple other conditions. Professional help from podiatrist Lawrence Kales will help you speed the process of recovery.
  • Gout: Gouty arthritis causes swelling, redness and pain, most commonly, in the big toe joint. This problem is often tied to family members genetically. This arthritis is notorious for sudden attacked. These attacks often occur after consuming certain foods high in purines .
  • Hammertoes: This is a where the toe takes on a claw-like appearance. This can be the result of toes being cramped and can occur in conjunction with a bunion. It happens most often with the second toe.
  • Heel Pain: This is a very common condition that can be caused by various things. Understanding the exact location and cause of your heel pain will help us determine the best treatment options to relieve your pain.
  • Heel Spurs: This is the growth of bone on the underside of the heel. It occurs when the tendon pulls at the area where the tendon attaches to the bone. The heel can calcify and causes a spur. Proper warm-up and stretching can help to reduce the strain/pulling on the tendon.
  • Ingrown Toenails: An ingrown toenail is a common occurrence where the edge of the toenail grows into the toe. The result is pain, swelling redness and sometimes even infection can occur. This usually happens on your big toe, but can happen on any of your toes. It can happen on one or both sides of the toe nail.
  • Metatarsalgia: Ball of the Foot Pain: Many people describe this feeling as having a stone or marble in the ball of the foot. Daily activities, footwear, existing deformities and foot mechanics can all play a role in the development of metatarsalgia.
  • Morton’s Neuroma: Many patients describe the feeling as having a marble in the foot or constantly stepping on a sock. This is caused by a swelling of a nerve in the ball of the foot.
  • Nail Fungus: This occurs when the edge or sides of the nail grows into the skin. It can be the result of incorrectly trimming ones toe nails, shoe pressure, injury, or even heredity. You can prevent this by trimming your nails straight across (No DIGGING ON SIDES) and wearing appropriate fitting shoes that are not too narrow or shallow.
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease: Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) or Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) refers to an obstruction of the large arteries. These are not the coronary arteries and often refer to the arteries of the lower extremities.
  • Plantar Hyperhidrosis: This condition refers to excessively sweaty feet and can often result in smelly feet. It also increase the chances of contracting toenail fungus, and athletes foot.
  • Shin Splints: These occur when there is a swelling or tearing of muscles, tissues and tendons in the shin area of the leg. This can be caused by poor shoe selection, increasing your work out routine and running with a structural defect in your foot (i.e. Flat Foot, High Arches, etc).
  • Turf Toe: Almost any sport demands a lot from our feet. It’s not until we experience an injury that we pay much attention to our toes. Dr. Lawrence Kales can help relieve your toe pain from this common sports injury.
  • Ulcers: These are circular open sores that often appear on the bottom of the foot and leg. When connected to diabetic neuropathy ulcers will often go un-noitced and can result in amputation if left untreated.