The arches of our feet are actually complicated structures with important jobs to do. Each arch is composed of bones, ligaments and tendons that propel us with each step and help with weight bearing. Our arches bring the necessary flexibility and stability to our feet.
Each foot has 3 arches, including the transverse arch that stretches across the midfoot from inside to outside. The other 2 arches are called longitudinal and they run along the length of the foot on both sides.
Medium arches, also known as neutral, are the most common type of arch and are biomechanically efficient. This means that they allow your feet to work efficiently without excessive rolling movements or impact.
Other types of arches are low arches, or flat feet. This abnormality results when the arches don’t form properly during childhood. The arch may also collapse due to an injury. An abnormally high arch is called pes cavus and often is hereditary.
Common Causes of Arch Pain
Because the arches bear our weight and experience the stress of walking, running, turning and jumping, arch pain is fairly common but the cause may not be easily diagnosed. If you have persistent arch pain, please come visit us at Pasco-Hernando Foot & Ankle for a professional evaluation.
Some common causes of arch pain are:
- Overuse. The arches can be strained from the stress of walking, running or even standing, or from a workout without the proper warm up.
- Plantar Fasciitis. This inflammation of the plantar fascia which runs along the sole of your foot causes heel pain, but can also lead to arch pain. This painful condition results from being overweight, wearing non-supportive footwear or from walking or standing for long periods on hard surfaces.
- Poor footwear. Walking barefoot or wearing flimsy sandals and shoes can put excessive stress on the feet.
- Stress fractures. A single injury or repetitive wear can cause tiny, painful breaks in the bone.
These are just a few of the possible causes of arch pain. Most arch pain situations will not resolve by themselves, so reach out to an expert. We will carefully examine your feet and take x-rays if necessary. Based on our diagnosis, treatments range from resting and icing the foot to local injections to wearing custom-fitted orthotics to redistribute foot pressure.
Let Us Help Resolve Your Arch Pain
Dr. Lawrence J. Kales, board certified podiatrist has the right experience to diagnose and treat all types of arch pain including plantar fasciitis. Please come in to Pasco-Hernando Foot & Ankle for an examination – you can request an appointment via the website or call us at our Hudson office at 727 868-2128 or our Spring Hill office at 352 683-5799. We’ll help you get back on the road as soon as possible!