When choosing a shoe, a lot of us are tempted to go for a pair that looks attractive or is popular in fashion. These types of shoes do not typically benefit our feet and can cause a lot of pain and suffering over time. When you are choosing a shoe, it is important to understand exactly what you are looking at and how it is made. The shoe is made up of many different parts and each of these parts have their own function. Having the right shoe could prevent bunions, heel spurs, claw toes, and many other ailments. Here is an overview of what your shoe is made of.
In general, a shoe is made out of a “last.” This “last” is a model of a shoe that replicates the manufacturer’s vision. It does not take into consideration who exactly will be wearing the shoe that is manufactured. These “lasts” come in different sizes to match the different shoe sizes in each country that they will be shipped to.
Parts of a Shoe
- Upper Shoe – This is the portion of the shoe that covers the top of the foot. The upper consists of the vamp, tongue, and quarters.
- Vamp – This portion of the shoe covers part of the instep and also the toes of the foot. All closed toe shoes have a vamp.
- Quarter – The quarter is the back portion of a shoe. It meets the vamp to form a majority of the upper shoe.
- Tongue – There are many types of tongues when it comes to shoes. They protect the top of the foot from debris and other potential traumas. The tongue is usually sewn into the shoe or the vamp.
- Balmoral – These are a type of shoe that have the tongue sewn into the throat of the vamp. These shoes do not offer much flexibility.
- Blucher – A type of shoe where the quarters overlap the vamp. This is a very flexible shoe.
- Internal Stiffeners – These are located within the shoe and offer more stability.
- Sole – The Bottom portion of the shoe. It includes the inside, outside and midsole. They are usually made from rubber or durable leather.
All of these parts make up a shoe. There are even more pieces than those listed above. The shoe is a complicated beast that should not be taken lightly. If you are having a hard time finding the right shoe for your foot, call Dr. Lawrence J. Kales of Pasco-Hernando Foot & Ankle in the nature coast, Florida. He and his dedicated team can help teach you about the right shoe for your foot. Call 727-868-2128 or make an appointment online.